Question: Can I Use Outdoor Gravel in My Aquarium?
Answer: Maybe, hows that for a definitive answer?
Experts and fish enthusiasts alike are divided on this subject, so don't be surprised if you see opposing answers to this question. There are several reasons for this. One is that outdoor rocks can have a variety of contaminants that may not be obvious to the naked eye, but which can be hazardous to your fish.
Another more common reason, is that some rocks or gravel are composed of materials that can cause a change in the pH and hardness of your aquarium water, which in turn can be harmful to your fish. Some people feel that unless you are an expert at identifying rock composition, it is best to go to a pet shop and purchase use rocks and substrates that have been deemed safe for aquarium use. Others will describe how to test rocks and gravel to rule out hazardous materials.
I'm one of those who believe using outdoor rocks and gravel is great - but only if you are willing to test them. If you don't intend to test your rocks and gravel, it is best to purchase them from a pet shop. But be aware that on occasion even materials sold in pet shops have been known to be hazardous.
How to Test
Testing can be as simple as placing a few drops of vinegar on the rock or gravel you are considering using. If it fizzes or foams, don't use it, as it contains calcium deposits. Another way of testing rocks and gravel is to place them in a bucket of the same water that you use in your aquarium. Test the pH and hardness, and then let it sit for a week and test again. If there is a significant change, the rocks or gravel are likely to cause problems.
What Can & Cannot Be Used
Wondering what is safe to use in an aquarium, and what isn't? The rocks that you should avoid are those that are highly calcareous – meaning they have a large amount of calcium. Calcareous rocks and gravel will alter the hardness and pH of your water.
Rocks to Avoid include:
- Limestone - very high in calcium carbonate
- Marble - has similar effect as crushed coral
- Dolomite - often found in crushed coral
- Shells or crushed coral - not ideal for most freshwater tanks, but is used for
African Cichlid tanks, where higher pH and hardness is desirable
- Lava Rock - take sharp edges into account, particularly with fish that have sensitive barbels, such as the Cory species
- Sandstone (should always test before using)
Where to Get Outdoor Rocks
Obviously the great outdoors is a prime source for rocks, stones, gravel, and sand. However, it's also possible to purchase rocks and substrates from places other than a pet shop. Places they can be procured from include:
- Outdoors – avoid riverbeds, as you can disturb the native habitat
- Garden nurseries
- Gardening centers at department stores
- Landscaping companies