One of the factors often overlooked when choosing fish for a community aquarium is the level the fish prefer. Choosing fish that prefer swimming at different levels will result in a far more attractive aquarium, while at the same time assuring that your fish will not have to compete for space. It will also reduce stress that occurs when fish have to battle for territories.
Popular fish that swim at any level include:
- Pearl Danio
- Rosy Barb
- Upside Down Catfish
Top Level Fish
Top dwelling fish add movement and color at the top level of the aquarium, which often has very little decoration
. Many fish that prefer the top level are surface feeders in nature, and have upturned mouths designed for top feeding. They hang at the surface waiting for the next meal to come along.
Keep in mind that some of these top-level species are strong jumpers. Hatchetfish
are known for being able to leap several feet out of the water. Even fish that don't normally jump may jump when startled by loud noises or sudden movements. Take care to keep the tank well covered
, and close the lid promptly after feeding or performing maintenance
Popular top-dwelling fish include:
- Common Hatchetfish
Popular top to mid-dwelling fish include:
- Boesmans Rainbow
- Blue Gourami
- Congo Tetra
- Dwarf Gourami
- Kissing Gourami
- Neon Rainbowfish
- Pearl Gourami
Middle Level Fish
The middle level is the focal point of the aquarium, and should be populated with plenty of active fish. Schooling fish
, including most of the Tetra species
, as well as some of the Barbs, are excellent for the middle level of a community tank. Mid-dwelling fish are often selected as dither fish for cichlid tanks, particularly schools of active fish.
Larger fish such as Gouramis, Rainbows, or Angels
also make interesting mid-level fish. However, it is important to remember that slower moving fish with long flowing fins may be picked upon by smaller faster moving fish. Barbs are particularly well known for nipping fins. Avoid combining them with Angelfish or Betta
s. Also remember that many Gouramis
aren't tolerant of their own kind, so do your homework before adding them to the mix.
Popular mid-dwelling fish include:
- Black Widow Tetra
- Emperor Tetra
- Head and Tailight Tetra
- Rummy Nose Tetra
- Silver Dollar
- Silver-tipped Tetra
- Tiger Barb
Bottom Dwelling Fish
Bottom dwelling fish lend interest to the lower levels of the tank, and often help turn over the substrate. You will note that most of them have mouths that point downward, making it easy for them to scour the tank bottom for morsels of food. However, do not fall into the commonly help myth that bottom dwellers do not have to be fed. All too often bottom dwelling fish are under-fed. They cannot subsist only on leftovers from the other fish.
Remember that the top and mid-dwelling fish will get to the food faster. Including sinking foods
when feeding will ensure that those living in the lower portion of the tank receive enough food. Some bottom-dwellers are nocturnal, and should be fed after turning the lights off for the night.
Popular mid and bottom-dwelling fish include:
- Bolivian Ram
- Cardinal Tetra
- Cherry Barb
- Clown Loach
- Neon Tetra
- Snakeskin Gourami
Popular bottom-dwelling fish include:
- Adolfos Cory
- Bandit Cory
- Pictus Catfish
- Kuhli Loach
- Panda Cory
- Weather Loach
Always research the fish you are interested in for your community aquarium. Although swimming levels are a factor; water parameters such as pH, temperature, and water hardness, are quite important when combining fish in a community aquarium.
For a quick reference, here is a level chart
that lists 100 community fish separated by the level they prefer. Don't forget that your fish must also be compatible in preferred water conditions, size, and temperament.